Low cost and technical maturity are the key benefits of lead-acid batteries.

FREMONT, CA: There are several different forms of battery technology based on different chemical elements and reactions. The most popular ones today are lead-acid, and li-ion, but also nickel-based, sulfur-based, and flow batteries play or have played a significant role in this industry. Take a glance at the key benefits of the most common battery technology.

Lead-Acid Batteries

These batteries are prevalent in everyday lives. A lead-acid battery's base cell consists of a negative lead electrode and a positive electrode comprising bi-oxide or lead. In contrast, the electrolyte is a sulphuric acid water solution. Low cost and technical maturity are the key benefits of these batteries. Furthermore, they offer good performance at low and high temperature, and hold high specific power, and are capable of high discharge currents along with low self-discharge.

Nickel-Cadmium (Ni-Cd) Batteries

This type of battery has been the key option for portable systems for many years previous to lithium battery technologies' deployment. These batteries are efficient and take little time to recharge. They have simple storage and transportation and are not subject to regulatory control. The enhancement of these batteries is represented by the nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH) technology, which can have approximately 40 percent higher specific energy than the normal NiCd.

Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion) Batteries

Lithium is the lightest of all metals and has the most specific energy. Rechargeable lithium metal batteries on the anode will have an extremely high energy density. Additionally, they have a long cycle life and extended shelf-life and are maintenance-free. Li-Ion batteries also use a simple charge algorithm and take reasonably short charge times. There are also restrictions associated with these batteries; for example, dendrites' production on the anode during cycling is a relevant restriction. It can lead to an electrical shortfall with a consequent rise in temperature and damage to the battery.

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